Effects of Computer-assisted Cognitive Rehabilitation Training on the Cognition and Static Balance of the Elderly

J Phys Ther Sci. 2013 Nov;25(11):1475-7. doi: 10.1589/jpts.25.1475. Epub 2013 Dec 11.

Abstract

[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a six-week-long computer-assisted cognitive rehabilitation training program on the improvement of cognition and balance abilities of the elderly. [Subjects] Thirty healthy elderly people, aged 65 to 80, were randomly assigned either to the training group (n=15) or the control group (n=15). [Methods] Cognitive functions were evaluated using MMSE-K, and the BioRescue AP 153 (RMINGENIERIE, France) was used to examine subjects' changes in static balance. [Results] The MMSE-K score showed a significant change over the course of the treatment period in the training group, but not in the control group. The sway area and sway path length decreased significantly in the training group, but it did not show any changes in the control group. [Conclusion] Computer-assisted cognitive rehabilitation training is an effective intervention method for the improvement of the cognition and balance abilities of the elderly.

Keywords: Cognition; Computer-assisted cognitive rehabilitation; Static balance.