Relationship between artificially sweetened and sugar-sweetened cola beverage consumption during pregnancy and preterm delivery in a multi-ethnic cohort: analysis of the Born in Bradford cohort study

Eur J Clin Nutr. 2014 Mar;68(3):404-7. doi: 10.1038/ejcn.2013.267. Epub 2014 Jan 8.


The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the intake of sugar-sweetened (SS) and artificially sweetened (AS) cola beverages during pregnancy and the risk of preterm delivery (PTD). At baseline (2007-2010), 8914 pregnant women were recruited to the Born in Bradford birth cohort study at 24-28 weeks of pregnancy. Women completed a questionnaire describing their health and lifestyle behaviours, including their consumption of AS and SS cola beverages reported as cups per day, which were then linked to maternity records. The relationship between SS and AS cola beverage consumption was examined using logistic regression analyses. No relationship was observed between daily AS cola beverage consumption and PTD. Women who drank four cups per day of SS cola beverages had higher odds of a PTD when compared with women who did not consume these beverages daily. We conclude that high daily consumption of SS cola beverages during pregnancy is associated with increases in the rate of PTD.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Carbonated Beverages / adverse effects*
  • Carbonated Beverages / analysis
  • Dietary Sucrose / administration & dosage
  • Dietary Sucrose / adverse effects
  • Ethnicity
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Pregnancy
  • Premature Birth / epidemiology*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Sweetening Agents / administration & dosage
  • Sweetening Agents / adverse effects*
  • United Kingdom
  • Young Adult


  • Dietary Sucrose
  • Sweetening Agents