Earlier work suggested that the wingless gene of Drosophila is required for cooperation within discrete groups of cells during development. We show that antisense RNA made from a 3 kb transcript produces wingless mutant phenocopies when injected into wild-type eggs, proving that this transcript executes the wingless function. In the accompanying paper, Rijsewijk et al. report cloning of a Drosophila homolog (Dint-1) of the mouse int-1 gene and show that this gene is identical to wingless+. The partial sequence of the wingless cDNA that we have isolated is identical to part of the complete Dint-1 sequence described by Rijsewijk et al.