The Impact of Left Ventricular Hypertrophy and Diastolic Dysfunction on Outcome in Intracerebral Hemorrhage Patients

ISRN Stroke. 2013;2013:10.1155/2013/898163. doi: 10.1155/2013/898163.

Abstract

Background: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of LVH and DD in patients presenting with supratentorial deep ICH and to determine if the presence of LVH or DD was an independent predictor of initial ICH volume, hematoma expansion, or poor outcome.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed on ICH patients who presented from 7/2008 to 12/2010. Cases were excluded if ICH was traumatic, lobar, infratentorial, secondary to elevated international normalized ratio, suspicious for underlying structural malformation, or where surgical evacuation was performed. Logistic and linear regressions were used to assess the ability of LVH to predict ICH imaging characteristics and patient outcomes.

Results: After adjusting for use of hemostatic agents, LVH was not a significant independent predictor of initial ICH volume (P = 0.344) or 33% volume expansion (P = 0.378). After adjusting for age, infectious complications, and use of hemostatic agents, LVH was not a significant independent predictor of poor functional outcome (P = 0.778). Similar results were seen for DD.

Conclusion: In our sample, patients with deep ICH and LVH were more likely to develop IVH, but LVH was not a significant independent predictor of initial ICH volume, hematoma expansion, or poor short-term outcome.