Objectives: To determine the acceptability of a pre-consultation checklist for older adults who attend medical visits with an unpaid companion and to evaluate its effects on visit communication.
Design: Randomized controlled pilot study.
Setting: Academic geriatrics ambulatory clinic.
Participants: Thirty-two individuals aged 65 and older and their unpaid companions.
Intervention: A self-administered checklist was compared with usual care. The checklist was designed to elicit and align patient and companion perspectives regarding health concerns to discuss with the doctor and stimulate discussion about the companion's role in the visit.
Primary outcome: ratio of patient-centered communication, coded from visit audiotapes.
Secondary outcomes: checklist acceptability; visit duration; patient-companion verbal activity; patient- and physician-reported perspectives of the visit.
Results: All intervention patients and companions (n = 17) completed the checklist, and all participants (n = 32 dyads) completed the study. Patients and companions stated that the checklist was easy to complete (88%) and useful (91%), and they uniformly (100%) recommended it to other patients. Communication was significantly more patient-centered in intervention group visits (ratio of 1.22 vs 0.71; P = .03). Visit duration (35.0 and 30.6 minutes; P = .34) and percentage of total verbal activity contributed by patients and companions (58.2% and 56.3% of visit statements; P = .50) were comparable in the intervention and control groups, respectively. Physicians were more likely to indicate that intervention companions "helped them provide good care to the patient" (94% vs 60%; P = .02). Intervention patients were more likely to indicate that they "better understood their doctor's advice and explanations" because their companion was present (82% vs 47%; P = .03).
Conclusion: A checklist to elicit and align perspectives of older adults and their companions resulted in enhanced patient-centered medical visit communication.
Keywords: family caregiver; patient-provider communication; physician office; primary health care.
© 2014, Copyright the Authors Journal compilation © 2014, The American Geriatrics Society.