Investigation and correction of the interference of ethanol, sugar and phenols on dissolved oxygen measurement in wine

Anal Chim Acta. 2014 Jan 27;809:162-73. doi: 10.1016/j.aca.2013.11.053. Epub 2013 Dec 6.


The dissolved oxygen in wine is routinely measured to control and monitor various oenological processes. The availability of devices based on different technologies and features allows a user to select a device that best meets their needs. However, grape must and wine samples each exhibit a complex composition that varies with time, which, along with atmospheric conditions, makes it necessary to evaluate the effects of these factors on dissolved oxygen measurements. This work evaluates the effects that ethanol, sugar, and phenols have on dissolved oxygen measurements in a model and real wine. The results suggest that significant errors are made in all studied systems and that the response of each device is different. Therefore, a compensation value was developed to take into account the sample composition. A compensation value was proposed to minimise the error made by each device based on the ethanol and sugar contents of the measured liquid. The best results are those obtained after using the compensation value to correct the data from the Pyro-Mini device. In all cases, errors made in DO measurements by optical systems were reduced by 50-82% by applying the compensation value for synthetic wines and 45-100% for real wines.

Keywords: Correction value.; Dissolved oxygen; Electrochemistry; Interferences; Luminescence; Wine.