Socioeconomic status. The relationship with health and autoimmune diseases

Autoimmun Rev. 2014 Jun;13(6):641-54. doi: 10.1016/j.autrev.2013.12.002. Epub 2014 Jan 10.


Socioeconomic status (SES) is a hierarchical social classification associated with different outcomes in health and disease. The most important factors influencing SES are income, educational level, occupational class, social class, and ancestry. These factors are closely related to each other as they present certain dependent interactions. Since there is a need to improve the understanding of the concept of SES and the ways it affects health and disease, we review herein the tools currently available to evaluate SES and its relationship with health and autoimmune diseases.

Keywords: Rheumatoid arthritis; Sjögren's syndrome; Socioeconomic status; Systemic lupus erythematosus; Systemic sclerosis; Type 1 diabetes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Autoimmune Diseases* / immunology
  • Autoimmune Diseases* / therapy
  • Humans
  • Social Class*
  • Treatment Outcome