The rapid generation of recombinant functional monoclonal antibodies from individual, antigen-specific bone marrow-derived plasma cells isolated using a novel fluorescence-based method

MAbs. 2014 Jan-Feb;6(1):143-59. doi: 10.4161/mabs.27044.

Abstract

Single B cell technologies, which avoid traditional hybridoma fusion and combinatorial display, provide a means to interrogate the naturally-selected antibody repertoire of immunized animals. Many methods enable the sampling of memory B cell subsets, but few allow for the direct interrogation of the plasma cell repertoire, i.e., the subset of B cells responsible for producing immunoglobulin in serum. Here, we describe the use of a robust and simple fluorescence-based technique, called the fluorescent foci method, for the identification and isolation of antigen-specific IgG-secreting cells, such as plasma cells, from heterogeneous bone marrow preparations. Following micromanipulation of single cells, cognate pairs of heavy and light chain variable region genes were recovered by reverse transcription (RT)-polymerase chain reaction (PCR). During the PCR, variable regions were combined with a promoter fragment and a relevant constant region fragment to produce two separate transcriptionally-active PCR (TAP) fragments that were directly co-transfected into a HEK-293F cell line for recombinant antibody expression. The technique was successfully applied to the generation of a diverse panel of high-affinity, functional recombinant antibodies to human tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor 2 and TNF derived from the bone marrow of immunized rabbits and rats, respectively. Progression from a bone marrow sample to a panel of functional recombinant antibodies was possible within a 2-week timeframe.

Keywords: IgG; PCR; TAP; antibody; bone marrow; fluorescent foci; monoclonal; plasma cell.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal* / genetics
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal* / immunology
  • Bone Marrow Cells / immunology*
  • Fluorescence
  • HEK293 Cells
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulin G* / genetics
  • Immunoglobulin G* / immunology
  • Male
  • Plasma Cells / cytology
  • Plasma Cells / immunology*
  • Rabbits
  • Rats
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Type II / immunology*
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Single-Chain Antibodies* / genetics
  • Single-Chain Antibodies* / immunology
  • Time Factors

Substances

  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Immunoglobulin G
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Type II
  • Single-Chain Antibodies