Prevalence of hepatitis C virus infection in US Hispanic/Latino adults: results from the NHANES 2007-2010 and HCHS/SOL studies

J Infect Dis. 2014 May 15;209(10):1585-90. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jit672. Epub 2014 Jan 13.

Abstract

Prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody has been reported in Mexican Americans, but its prevalence in other US Hispanic/Latino groups is unknown. We studied 2 populations of US Hispanic/Latino adults; 3210 from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2010 and 11 964 from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL). Age-standardized prevalence of HCV antibody was similar in NHANES 2007-2010 (1.5%) and HCHS/SOL (2.0%) but differed significantly by Hispanic/Latino background in HCHS/SOL (eg, 11.6% in Puerto Rican men vs 0.4% in South American men). These findings suggest that the HCV epidemic among US Hispanics/Latinos is heterogeneous.

Keywords: HCV; Hispanic; Latino; RNA; United States; antibody; hepatitis C virus; prevalence; risk factor.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Female
  • Hepatitis C / epidemiology*
  • Hepatitis C Antibodies / blood
  • Hispanic Americans*
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Nutrition Surveys
  • Prevalence
  • RNA, Viral / genetics
  • RNA, Viral / metabolism
  • United States
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Hepatitis C Antibodies
  • RNA, Viral