The safety and tolerability of lisinopril in clinical trials

J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 1987:9 Suppl 3:S99-107. doi: 10.1097/00005344-198700003-00023.

Abstract

The safety and tolerability of lisinopril were assessed in 1,476 patients [1,165 hypertensives and 311 patients with congestive heart failure (CHF)] and 211 normal volunteers. The duration of lisinopril therapy ranged from 1 day to 16 months, with a mean duration of 105 days. In the hypertensive population, the most frequent clinical adverse experiences on lisinopril alone were headache, dizziness, cough, and diarrhea. Not all of these adverse experiences were thought to be drug related. Five percent of patients were discontinued because of adverse clinical experiences; cough and dizziness were the most common reasons for discontinuation. Two of 1,165 (0.17%) hypertensive patients treated with lisinopril died, compared to 0.41% of hypertensive patients on other therapies. Neither case was considered to be drug related. In patients with CHF, the most frequent clinical adverse experiences were dizziness, diarrhea, hypotension, fatigue, headache, and rash. Not all of these adverse experiences were thought to be drug related. The percent of CHF patients discontinuing because of an adverse clinical experience was 7.4%; the most frequent causes for discontinuation were hypotension, dizziness, or renal impairment. Twelve deaths occurred in 311 CHF patients treated with lisinopril (3.9%) compared to 4/104 (3.8%) of CHF patients treated with placebo and 2/65 (3.1%) treated with captopril. Hypotension, orthostatic effects, or dizziness following the initial lisinopril dose occurred infrequently in patients treated with lisinopril. In hypertensive patients with normal renal function, including those treated previously or concomitantly with diuretic therapy, a first-dose hypotensive episode was reported in six of 955, or 0.6%. The incidence was higher (6.7%) in hypertensive patients with impaired renal function.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors*
  • Blood Cell Count
  • Clinical Trials as Topic
  • Creatinine / blood
  • Drug Tolerance
  • Enalapril / adverse effects
  • Enalapril / analogs & derivatives*
  • Enalapril / therapeutic use
  • Female
  • Hemoglobins / analysis
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / drug therapy
  • Hypertension / mortality
  • Lisinopril
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Potassium / blood
  • Proteinuria / chemically induced

Substances

  • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Hemoglobins
  • Enalapril
  • Creatinine
  • Lisinopril
  • Potassium