Lung cancer stigma, anxiety, depression, and quality of life

J Psychosoc Oncol. 2014;32(1):59-73. doi: 10.1080/07347332.2013.855963.


This study investigated lung cancer stigma, anxiety, depression, and quality of life (QOL) and validated variable similarities between ever and never smokers. Patients took online self-report surveys. Variable contributions to QOL were investigated using hierarchical multiple regression. Patients were primarily White females with smoking experience. Strong negative relationships emerged between QOL and anxiety, depression and lung cancer stigma. Lung cancer stigma provided significant explanation of the variance in QOL beyond covariates. No difference emerged between smoker groups for study variables. Stigma may play a role in predicting QOL. Interventions promoting social and psychological QOL may enhance stigma resistance skills.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Anxiety*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Depression*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lung Neoplasms / psychology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Quality of Life / psychology*
  • Self Report
  • Smoking / psychology
  • Stereotyping*
  • Young Adult