Effectiveness of proactive quitline counselling for smoking parents recruited through primary schools: results of a randomized controlled trial

Addiction. 2014 May;109(5):830-41. doi: 10.1111/add.12485. Epub 2014 Feb 18.


Aims: To test the effectiveness of tailored quitline (telephone) counselling among smoking parents recruited into cessation support through their children's primary schools.

Design: Two-arm randomized controlled trial with 3- and 12-month follow-up.

Setting: Proactive telephone counselling was administered by the Dutch national quitline.

Participants: Smoking parents were recruited through their children's primary schools and received either intensive quitline support in combination with tailored supplementary materials (n = 256) or a standard self-help brochure (n = 256).

Measurements: The primary outcome was 7-day point-prevalence abstinence at 12-month follow-up. Also measured were baseline characteristics, use of and adherence to nicotine replacement therapy and pharmacotherapy, smoking characteristics and implementation of a home smoking ban.

Findings: Parents who received quitline counselling were more likely to report 7-day point-prevalence abstinence at 12-month assessment [34.0 versus 18.0%, odds ratio (OR) = 2.35, confidence interval (CI) = 1.56-3.54] than those who received a standard self-help brochure. Parents who received quitline counselling were more likely to use nicotine replacement therapy (P < 0.001) than those who received a standard self-help brochure. Among parents who did not achieve abstinence, those who received quitline counselling smoked fewer cigarettes at 3-month (P < 0.001) and 12-month assessment (P < 0.001), were more likely to make a quit attempt (P < 0.001), to achieve 24 hours' abstinence (P < 0.001) and to implement a complete home smoking ban (P < 0.01).

Conclusions: Intensive quitline support tailored to smoking parents is an effective method for helping parents quit smoking and promoting parenting practices that protect their children from adverse effects of smoking.

Keywords: Addiction; nicotine dependence; parents; quitline support; self-help; smoking cessation; telephone counselling.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Child
  • Counseling / methods*
  • Female
  • Hotlines*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Netherlands
  • Pamphlets
  • Parents*
  • Smoking / therapy*
  • Smoking Cessation / methods*
  • Tobacco Smoke Pollution / prevention & control*
  • Tobacco Use Disorder
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Tobacco Smoke Pollution