[Effect of six edible plants on the development of AFB1-induced gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase-positive hepatocyte foci in rats]

Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi. 1987 Mar;9(2):109-11.
[Article in Chinese]

Abstract

Six edible plants, green tea (GT), black tea (BT), Lentinus edodes (berk) Sing (LE), Hericium erinaceus (Bull. ex Fr.) Pers. (HE), Mixture of Ganoderma Lucidum (Ley ss ex Fr.) Karst et Ganoderma Japanium (Fr.) Lloyd (MGLJ) and mung bean (MB), were tested for the effect on the development of AFB1-induced gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase positive hepatocyte foci (gamma-GT foci) using an in vivo short-term test model in rats. The rats received intraperitoneally 12 doses of initiator AFB1, 400 micrograms/kg per dose for 2 successive weeks. Two weeks after the initiation, the rats were submitted to a modified "Solt-Farber promotion program", i.e., a two weeks' feeding of a diet containing 0.015% acetylaminofluorene plus a two-third partial hepatectomy (PH) on day 7. The rats were sacrificed 10 days after PH and the livers were processed to gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase staining. The tested substances were powdered and mixed with the basal diet at the concentration level of 30% for MB and 5% for the others. The rats were fed with the diet-containing tested substances from 10 days before the AFB1 initiation to 3 days after the AFB1 conclusion. Consequently, the liver of the rats which had consumed GT showed significantly less and smaller gamma-GT foci, and those which had consumed BT, HE and LE showed somewhat less and significantly smaller foci than the control groups. It is indicated that the four diets have an inhibiting effect on AFB1-induced gamma-GT foci in different degrees. MB and MGLJ show no significant influence on the foci.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Aflatoxin B1
  • Aflatoxins / pharmacology*
  • Animals
  • Liver / pathology
  • Liver Neoplasms, Experimental / chemically induced*
  • Liver Neoplasms, Experimental / prevention & control
  • Male
  • Plants, Edible*
  • Precancerous Conditions / chemically induced
  • Precancerous Conditions / prevention & control
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Staining and Labeling
  • Tea*
  • gamma-Glutamyltransferase

Substances

  • Aflatoxins
  • Tea
  • Aflatoxin B1
  • gamma-Glutamyltransferase