Geroncogenesis: metabolic changes during aging as a driver of tumorigenesis

Cancer Cell. 2014 Jan 13;25(1):12-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ccr.2013.12.005.

Abstract

Why does cancer risk increase as we age? Frequently attributed to the multi-hit hypothesis and the time required to accumulate genomic mutations, this question is a matter of ongoing debate. Here, we propose that the normal decline in oxidative metabolism during aging constitutes an early and important "hit" that drives tumorigenesis. Central to these metabolic changes are the sirtuins, a family of NAD(+)-dependent deacylases that have evolved as coordinators of physiological responses to nutrient intake and energetic demand. Thus, the modulation of sirtuins might be a fruitful approach to reversing the age-related metabolic changes that could underlie tumorigenesis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aging / metabolism*
  • Aging / pathology
  • Animals
  • Carcinogenesis / metabolism*
  • Carcinogenesis / pathology
  • Energy Metabolism / physiology*
  • Humans