Biochemical characterization of a gamma interferon-inducible cytokine (IP-10)

J Exp Med. 1987 Oct 1;166(4):1084-97. doi: 10.1084/jem.166.4.1084.


An IFN-gamma-inducible protein, IP-10, has previously been described to belong to a gene family of chemotactic and mitogenic proteins, associated with inflammation and proliferation. Biochemical characterization of this predicted protein has been pursued through the development of polyclonal monospecific antisera to recombinant protein and synthetic peptides. These reagents establish that the IP-10 protein is secreted from a variety of cells (endothelial, monocyte, fibroblast, and keratinocyte) in response to IFN-gamma. Posttranslational processing occurs in the biosynthesis of this protein, resulting in a 6-7-kD species, which may reflect COOH-terminal cleavage. Pulse-chase studies indicate that this processing is a rapid event in the primary cell lines studied, completed in the 30-min labeling period. A model is presented for the processing and secondary structure of this protein. In an accompanying study, Kaplan, et al. using these antisera, demonstrate that the IP-10 protein is associated, in vivo, with a delayed-type hypersensitivity response.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Biological Products / biosynthesis*
  • Biological Products / genetics
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Cytokines
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Escherichia coli / genetics
  • Escherichia coli / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Immunity, Cellular
  • Injections, Intradermal
  • Interferon-gamma / pharmacology*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • RNA / analysis


  • Biological Products
  • Cytokines
  • RNA
  • Interferon-gamma