Objective: To examine the effects of foot reflexology massage on anxiety in patients following CABG surgery.
Methods: In this randomized controlled trial, 80 patients who met the inclusion criteria were conveniently sampled and randomly allocated to the experimental and control groups after they were matched on age and gender. On the days following surgery, the experimental group received foot reflexology massage on their left foot 20 min a day for 4 days, while the control group was given a gentle foot rub with oil for one minute. Anxiety was measured using the short-form of the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and the Visual Analogue Scale-Anxiety.
Results: Both measurement instruments confirmed a significant decrease in anxiety following the foot reflexology massage.
Conclusion: The significant decrease in anxiety in the experimental group following the foot reflexology massage supports the use of this complementary therapy technique for the relief of anxiety.
Keywords: Anxiety; Coronary artery bypass graft; Foot reflexology massage.
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