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Clinical Trial
, 13 (2), 148-55

A Randomized Double Blind, Placebo Controlled Phase 2 Trial of BIIL 284 BS (An LTB4 Receptor Antagonist) for the Treatment of Lung Disease in Children and Adults With Cystic Fibrosis

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Clinical Trial

A Randomized Double Blind, Placebo Controlled Phase 2 Trial of BIIL 284 BS (An LTB4 Receptor Antagonist) for the Treatment of Lung Disease in Children and Adults With Cystic Fibrosis

M W Konstan et al. J Cyst Fibros.

Abstract

Background: Airway inflammation, mediated in part by LTB4, contributes to lung destruction in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). LTB(4)-receptor inhibition may reduce airway inflammation. We report the results of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of the efficacy and safety of the leukotriene B(4) (LTB(4))-receptor antagonist BIIL 284 BS in CF patients.

Methods: CF patients aged ≥6 years with mild to moderate lung disease were randomized to oral BIIL 284 BS or placebo once daily for 24 weeks. Co-primary endpoints were change in FEV(1) and incidence of pulmonary exacerbation.

Results: After 420 (155 children, 265 adults) of the planned 600 patients were randomized, the trial was terminated after a planned interim analysis revealed a significant increase in pulmonary related serious adverse events (SAEs) in adults receiving BIIL 284 BS. Final analysis revealed SAEs in 36.1% of adults receiving BIIL 284 BS vs. 21.2% receiving placebo (p = 0.007), and in 29.6% of children receiving BIIL 284 BS vs. 22.9% receiving placebo (p = 0.348). In adults, the incidence of protocol-defined pulmonary exacerbation was greater in those receiving BIIL 284 BS than in those receiving placebo (33.1% vs. 18.2% respectively; p = 0.005). In children, the incidence of protocol-defined pulmonary exacerbation was 19.8% in the BIIL 284 BS arm, and 25.7% in the placebo arm (p = 0.38).

Conclusions: While the cause of increased SAEs and exacerbations due to BIIL 284 BS is unknown, the outcome of this trial provides a cautionary tale for the administration of potent anti-inflammatory compounds to individuals with chronic infections, as the potential to significantly suppress the inflammatory response may increase the risk of infection-related adverse events.

Keywords: Anti-inflammatory therapy; Clinical trial; Cystic fibrosis; Leukotriene B(4) receptor antagonist; Lung disease.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
Subject Disposition, Consort Diagram
Figure 2
Figure 2
Time to Protocol-defined Pulmonary Exacerbation
Figure 3
Figure 3
Change in Lung Function

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