Graphdiyne and graphyne: from theoretical predictions to practical construction

Chem Soc Rev. 2014 Apr 21;43(8):2572-86. doi: 10.1039/c3cs60388a. Epub 2014 Jan 21.


Flat carbon (sp(2) and sp) networks endow the graphdiyne and graphyne families with high degrees of π-conjunction, uniformly distributed pores, and tunable electronic properties; therefore, these materials are attracting much attention from structural, theoretical, and synthetic scientists wishing to take advantage of their promising electronic, optical, and mechanical properties. In this Review, we summarize a state-of-the-art research into graphdiynes and graphynes, with a focus on the latest theoretical and experimental results. In addition to the many theoretical predictions of the potential properties of graphdiynes and graphynes, we also discuss experimental attempts to synthesize and apply graphdiynes in the areas of electronics, photovoltaics, and catalysis.