The relation between television exposure and executive function among preschoolers

Dev Psychol. 2014 May;50(5):1497-506. doi: 10.1037/a0035714. Epub 2014 Jan 20.


This study investigated the relations between television exposure during the preschool years and the development of executive function (EF). Data were gathered from 107 parents of preschoolers who provided information on children's television viewing, background television exposure, exposure to specific televised content, and the age at which children began watching television. Preschoolers' EF was assessed via one-on-one interviews. We found that several indicators of television exposure were significantly related to EF. These findings suggest that EF may be an important construct for continued research on the effects of media on young children.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Child Development
  • Child, Preschool
  • Executive Function*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intention
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Male
  • Psychological Tests
  • Regression Analysis
  • Sleep
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Television*
  • Time Factors
  • Vocabulary