Cardiometabolic risk factors and atrial fibrillation

Rev Cardiovasc Med. 2013;14(2-4):e73-81. doi: 10.3909/ricm0693.


Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia worldwide; it is a significant risk factor for stroke and embolization, and has an impact on cardiac function. Despite its impact on morbidity and mortality, our understanding of the etiology and pathophysiology of this disease process is still incomplete. Over the past several decades, there has been evidence to suggest that AF has a significant correlation with metabolic syndrome (MetS). Furthermore, AF appears to be more closely related to specific components of MetS compared with others. This article provides an overview of the various components of MetS and their impact on AF.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Atrial Fibrillation / diagnosis
  • Atrial Fibrillation / epidemiology*
  • Atrial Fibrillation / physiopathology
  • Atrial Fibrillation / prevention & control
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / epidemiology
  • Dyslipidemias / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / epidemiology
  • Metabolic Syndrome / diagnosis
  • Metabolic Syndrome / epidemiology*
  • Metabolic Syndrome / physiopathology
  • Metabolic Syndrome / prevention & control
  • Obesity / epidemiology
  • Primary Prevention
  • Risk Factors
  • Secondary Prevention