Cardioprotective effect of mumie (shilajit) on experimentally induced myocardial injury

Cardiovasc Toxicol. 2014 Sep;14(3):214-21. doi: 10.1007/s12012-014-9245-3.


This study assessed the effects of mumie (shilajit) pre-treatment, a traditional drug which is well known in the ancient medicine of both east and west, on cardiac performance of rats subjected to myocardial injury. Animals were divided into control, M250, and M500 (received mumie at dosages of 250 and 500 mg/kg/day, orally for 7 days, respectively) main groups each consisting of two subgroups-with and without heart injury. On the 6th and 7th days, isoproterenol (ISO) (85 mg/kg i.p.) was injected (s.c.) to half of the animal subgroups to induce myocardial damage. On the 8th day, after hemodynamic parameter recordings, hearts were removed for further evaluation. Mumie pre-treatment had no significant effects on hemodynamic and cardiac indices of normal animals. When the cardiac injury was induced, mumie maintained the ±dp/dt maximum, attenuated the serum cardiac troponin I, and reduced the severity of cardiac lesions. Despite the mild positive effects of mumie on total antioxidant capacity and lipid proxidation index, no significant difference was observed among animal groups. The findings suggest the prominent cardioprotective effect of mumie against destructive effects of ISO. It seems that other mechanisms than reinforcements of antioxidant system are involved in this beneficial effect.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adrenergic beta-Agonists / toxicity
  • Animals
  • Blood Pressure / drug effects
  • Cardiotonic Agents / pharmacology*
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Heart Rate / drug effects
  • Isoproterenol / toxicity
  • Medicine, East Asian Traditional
  • Minerals / pharmacology*
  • Myocardial Infarction / blood
  • Myocardial Infarction / chemically induced
  • Myocardial Infarction / pathology
  • Myocardial Infarction / prevention & control*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Resins, Plant / pharmacology*
  • Troponin I / blood


  • Adrenergic beta-Agonists
  • Cardiotonic Agents
  • Minerals
  • Resins, Plant
  • Troponin I
  • mumie
  • Isoproterenol