Lumbar spinal stenosis has a negative impact on quality of life compared with other comorbidities: an epidemiological cross-sectional study of 1862 community-dwelling individuals

ScientificWorldJournal. 2013 Dec 23;2013:590652. doi: 10.1155/2013/590652. eCollection 2013.

Abstract

Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is common in the elderly. However, there have been few reports on its impact on quality of life (QoL) in community-dwelling individuals. The purpose of this study was to clarify how symptomatic LSS affects QoL at the community level. A total of 1862 people (697 males and 1165 females, most subjects were between 40 and 85 y.o.) agreed to participate and were interviewed. The presence of symptomatic LSS was assessed by a specially designed questionnaire. The Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) was also administered. In addition, the presence of comorbid conditions that affect QoL, such as osteoarthritis of the knee and hip, cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular disease, or respiratory disease, was also analyzed. The prevalence of symptomatic LSS gradually increased with age. Furthermore, the presence of symptomatic LSS had a strong negative effect on all 8 physical and mental domains and the physical component summary (PCS) (OR: 1.547-2.544) but not the mental component summary (MCS). In comparison with comorbid conditions, LSS had a much stronger negative impact on health-related QoL (HR-QoL). The current study confirmed that the presence of symptomatic LSS might have a strong negative influence on HR-QoL in the community setting.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / epidemiology
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / epidemiology
  • Comorbidity
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Japan / epidemiology
  • Logistic Models
  • Lumbar Vertebrae
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Osteoarthritis / epidemiology
  • Prevalence
  • Quality of Life
  • Respiratory Tract Diseases / epidemiology
  • Spinal Stenosis / epidemiology*
  • Spinal Stenosis / physiopathology
  • Spinal Stenosis / psychology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Young Adult