Effect of photon-initiated photoacoustic streaming on removal of apically placed dentinal debris

Int Endod J. 2014 Nov;47(11):1072-7. doi: 10.1111/iej.12251. Epub 2014 Apr 4.


Aim: To compare the efficacy of photon-induced photoacoustic streaming (PIPS) technique with conventional, sonic and ultrasonic irrigation on the removal of apically placed dentinal debris from an artificial groove created in a root canal.

Methodology: Root canal preparation was performed up to size 40 on 48 extracted single-rooted teeth using ProTaper rotary instruments. The specimens were then split longitudinally, and a standardized groove was prepared in the apical part of each segment. Each groove was filled with dentinal debris mixed with 5% NaOCl. Each tooth was reassembled and irrigated as follows: (i) conventional irrigation with 1% NaOCl, (ii) sonic, (iii) ultrasonic irrigation, and (iv) PIPS. The root segments were disassembled, and the amount of remaining dentinal debris was evaluated under a stereomicroscope at 20× magnification, using a four-grade scoring system. The data were evaluated statistically using Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U-tests with a 95% confidence level (P = 0.05).

Results: Photon-induced photoacoustic streaming removed significantly more dentinal debris than conventional irrigation (P < 0.001), sonic irrigation (P < 0.001) or ultrasonic irrigation (P = 0.005). There was no significant difference between sonic and ultrasonic irrigation (P = 0.377).

Conclusions: Photon-induced photoacoustic streaming was more effective than conventional, sonic and ultrasonic irrigation in the removal of apically placed dentinal debris.

Keywords: EndoActivator; PIPS; endodontics; photoacoustic streaming; sonic; ultrasonic.

MeSH terms

  • Acoustics*
  • Dentin*
  • Humans
  • Photons*
  • Root Canal Preparation*
  • Tooth Apex / surgery*