A novel, self-guided, home-based intervention to improve condom use among young men who have sex with men

J Am Coll Health. 2014;62(2):118-24. doi: 10.1080/07448481.2013.856914.


Objective: This pilot study tested the efficacy of a brief, novel, theory-driven, self-guided, home-based intervention designed to promote condom use among young men who have sex with men (YMSM).

Participants: Thirty YMSM were recruited from a large public US midwestern university during spring of 2012.

Methods: The intervention was tested using a repeated measures design with the primary follow-up assessment occurring 6 weeks after enrollment.

Results: Forty-five percent of men reported a reduced frequency of unprotected insertive penile-anal intercourse in the past 30 days compared with baseline (p = .01). Consistency of condom use improved (p = .013), as did motivation to use condoms correctly, condom use self-efficacy, and condom attitudes. All participants indicated that they were glad they participated, would recommend the program, and that overall, they had liked the program.

Conclusions: This pilot study supports an expanded trial of this intervention with MSM at high-risk of acquiring human immunodeficiency virus/sexually transmitted infections (HIV/STIs).

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Condoms / statistics & numerical data*
  • Health Promotion / methods*
  • Homosexuality, Male*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Midwestern United States
  • Pilot Projects
  • Sexual Behavior
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Young Adult