Reference interval for the index of coronary microvascular resistance

EuroIntervention. 2014 Jan 22;9(9):1069-75. doi: 10.4244/EIJV9I9A181.


Aims: The index of microvascular resistance (IMR) is a relatively new tool that is used to assess microvascular function during routinely performed left heart catheterisations. In order to establish a reference interval for IMR, we investigated a subset of arrhythmia patients with structurally normal hearts and no or minimal coronary artery disease.

Methods and results: Physiological variables, including IMR, were measured in 20 otherwise healthy patients aged 40-60 years (10 males and 10 females) who had been referred for electrophysiological evaluation of suspected atrioventricular nodal re-entry tachycardia. IMR values were non-normally distributed with a median value of 12.6. We established a reference interval, that would be relevant to 95% of the population, of 7.3 (90% CI: 6.6-8.0) - 27.2 (90% CI: 20.8-33.7), using Box-Cox transformation and the robust Horn method. Spearman's rank correlation analysis revealed no significant relationship between IMR and several different variables.

Conclusions: A reference interval for IMR was established in a population of patients aged 40-60 years with structurally normal hearts, considered to be representative of the general population. IMR was not related to sex, age or any of the other variables tested, suggesting that this reference range can be applied to the general population.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Coronary Artery Disease / physiopathology
  • Coronary Circulation / physiology*
  • Coronary Vessels / physiology*
  • Echocardiography / methods
  • Female
  • Heart / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Microcirculation / physiology*
  • Middle Aged
  • Vascular Resistance / physiology*