Nomenclatural realignment of Neotyphodium species with genus Epicholë

Mycologia. Mar-Apr 2014;106(2):202-15. doi: 10.3852/13-251.


Nomenclatural rule changes in the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi and plants, adopted at the 18th International Botanical Congress in Melbourne, Australia, in 2011, provide for a single name to be used for each fungal species. The anamorphs of Epichloë species have been classified in genus Neotyphodium, the form genus that also includes most asexual Epichloë descendants. A nomenclatural realignment of this monophyletic group into one genus would enhance a broader understanding of the relationships and common features of these grass endophytes. Based on the principle of priority of publication we propose to classify all members of this clade in the genus Epichloë. We have reexamined classification of several described Epichloë and Neotyphodium species and varieties and propose new combinations and states. In this treatment we have accepted 43 unique taxa in Epichloë, including distinct species, subspecies, and varieties. We exclude from Epichloë the two taxa Neotyphodium starrii, as nomen dubium, and Neotyphodium chilense, as an unrelated taxon.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Endophytes / classification*
  • Endophytes / genetics
  • Endophytes / physiology
  • Epichloe / classification*
  • Epichloe / genetics
  • Epichloe / physiology
  • Neotyphodium / classification*
  • Neotyphodium / genetics
  • Neotyphodium / physiology
  • Phylogeny
  • Poaceae / microbiology*