[Conidiobolus coronatus infections revealed by a facial tumor]

Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac Chir Orale. 2014 Apr;115(2):114-7. doi: 10.1016/j.revsto.2013.12.003. Epub 2014 Jan 24.
[Article in French]

Abstract

Introduction: Conidiobolomycoses (Conidiobolus coronatus fungal infections) are rare and potentially severe infections prevalent in the tropics. The disease starts in the facial sinus and evolves as a subcutaneous tumor on the mid face

Observation: A 19-year-old female patient from Burkina Faso presented with an acquired nasal deformation having evolved for a few months, associated to bilateral nasal obstruction. The patient had no medical or surgical history. The pathological analysis of the surgical exeresis allowed diagnosing a C. coronatus infection.

Discussion: The C. coronatus lives in decaying vegetation in hot and humid climates. It is a potential human pathogen that infects immunocompetent patients presenting with micro-wounds of the sinus and nasal mucosa. Hundred cases have been reported. The management is specific. The diagnosis should be discussed in case of distorting tumors of the midface.

Keywords: Acquired nose deformities; Conidiobolus; Déformation nasale acquise; Sinusites; Sinusitis.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Burkina Faso
  • Conidiobolus* / isolation & purification
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Face / microbiology
  • Face / pathology
  • Facial Asymmetry / microbiology
  • Facial Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Facial Neoplasms / microbiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Nasal Obstruction / microbiology
  • Nose / microbiology
  • Nose / pathology
  • Young Adult
  • Zygomycosis / complications
  • Zygomycosis / diagnosis*