ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 141: management of menopausal symptoms

Obstet Gynecol. 2014 Jan;123(1):202-216. doi: 10.1097/01.AOG.0000441353.20693.78.


Vasomotor and vaginal symptoms are cardinal symptoms of menopause. Vasomotor symptoms can be particularly troubling to women and are the most commonly reported menopausal symptoms, with a reported prevalence of 50-82% among U.S. women who experience natural menopause (1, 2). The occurrence of vasomotor symptoms increases during the transition to menopause and peaks approximately 1 year after the final menstrual period (3-5). The purpose of this document is to provide evidence-based guidelines for the treatment of vasomotor and vaginal symptoms related to natural and surgical menopause. (Treatment of menopausal symptoms in cancer survivors is discussed in the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists' Practice Bulletin Number 126, Management of Gynecologic Issues in Women With Breast Cancer.).

Publication types

  • Practice Guideline

MeSH terms

  • Atrophy
  • Estrogen Replacement Therapy
  • Female
  • Hot Flashes / drug therapy*
  • Hot Flashes / pathology
  • Hot Flashes / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Menopause*
  • Vagina / pathology
  • Vaginal Diseases / drug therapy*
  • Vaginal Diseases / pathology
  • Vasomotor System / pathology