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. 1987 Nov;253(5 Pt 1):G643-9.
doi: 10.1152/ajpgi.1987.253.5.G643.

GRP Nerves in Pig Antrum: Role of GRP in Vagal Control of Gastrin Secretion

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GRP Nerves in Pig Antrum: Role of GRP in Vagal Control of Gastrin Secretion

J J Holst et al. Am J Physiol. .

Abstract

We extracted gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP) and its C-terminal decapeptide corresponding to 6.4 and 6.8 pmol/g from pig antrum mucosa. By immunohistochemistry GRP was localized to mucosal, submucosal, and myenteric nerve fibers. A few nerve cell bodies were also identified. Using isolated perfused pig antrum with intact vagal innervation, we found concomitant, atropine-resistant release of GRP and gastrin during electrical stimulation of the vagal nerves. Intra-arterial GRP at 10(-11)-10(-10) mol/l caused up to fivefold, dose-dependent increases in gastrin secretion; higher doses were less effective and completely desensitized the gastrin cells for the lower doses. After desensitization, vagal stimulation no longer produced gastrin secretion. The substance P antagonist [D-Arg, D-Pro, D-Trp, Leu]-substance P, described as also antagonizing the actions of bombesin, decreased the gastrin response to GRP and abolished the effect of vagal stimulation. The available evidence strongly suggests that GRP nerves are responsible for the stimulatory vagal effects on gastrin secretion in the pig.

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