Prussian blue nanoparticles as peroxidase mimetics for sensitive colorimetric detection of hydrogen peroxide and glucose

Talanta. 2014 Mar:120:362-7. doi: 10.1016/j.talanta.2013.12.028. Epub 2013 Dec 19.


Prussian blue nanoparticles (PB NPs) exhibits an intrinsic peroxidase-like catalytic activity towards the hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-mediated oxidation of classical peroxidase substrate 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt to produce a colored product. The catalysis follows Michaelis-Menen kinetics and shows strong affinity for H2O2. Using PB NPs as a peroxidase mimetics, a colorimetric method was developed for the detection of 0.05-50.0 μM H2O2, with a detection limit of 0.031 μM. When the catalytic reaction of PB NPs was coupled with the reaction of glucose oxidation catalyzed by glucose oxidase, a sensitive and selective colorimetric method for the detection of glucose was realized. The limit of detection for glucose was determined to be as low as 0.03 μM and the linear range was from 0.1 μM to 50.0 μM. The method was successfully applied to the determination of glucose in human serum. Compared with other nanomaterials-based peroxidase mimetics, PB NPs provides 10-100 times higher sensitivity toward the detection of H2O2 and glucose. The detection platform developed showed great potential applications in varieties of physiological importance substances when merged with appropriate H2O2-producing oxidases.

Keywords: Colorimetric; Glucose; Hydrogen peroxide; Peroxidase-like activity; Prussian blue nanoparticles.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Biomimetic Materials / chemistry
  • Biomimetics / methods
  • Biosensing Techniques / methods*
  • Blood Glucose / analysis*
  • Colorimetry / methods
  • Coloring Agents / chemistry*
  • Ferrocyanides / chemistry*
  • Humans
  • Hydrogen Peroxide / analysis*
  • Limit of Detection
  • Nanoparticles / chemistry*
  • Peroxidase / chemistry*


  • Blood Glucose
  • Coloring Agents
  • Ferrocyanides
  • Hydrogen Peroxide
  • Peroxidase
  • ferric ferrocyanide