Calcitonin gene-related peptide but not substance P mimics capsaicin-induced coronary vasodilation in the pig

Eur J Pharmacol. 1987 Oct 13;142(2):235-43. doi: 10.1016/0014-2999(87)90112-9.


The vasodilator effects of the human calcitonin gene-related peptides alpha (hCGRP alpha) and beta (hCGRP beta) were studied in vitro and in vivo in relation to the effects of substance P (SP) and capsaicin on coronary vascular tone in the pig. Both hCGRP alpha and -beta induced a concentration-dependent, long-lasting relaxation of precontracted small (diameter 0.5 mm) pig coronary arteries in vitro. SP was slightly more potent but caused a transient relaxation with a smaller maximal response than CGRP. The relaxation induced by hCGRP alpha and -beta as well as SP was resistant to propranolol and atropine. Capsaicin also induced a long-lasting relaxation of potassium and PGF2 alpha-precontracted coronary arteries. After tachyphylaxis to SP had developed the relaxant effects of CGRP and capsaicin were unchanged. Rubbing the vessels to remove the endothelium completely abolished the relaxant effects of SP while the vasodilation induced by hCGRP alpha as well as capsaicin remained unchanged. Injections of hCGRP alpha, SP or capsaicin into the constantly perfused left anterior descending coronary artery of the pig in vivo caused a dose-dependent decrease in perfusion pressure, suggesting coronary vasodilation. In conclusion, the vasodilator effects of SP in vitro differ from the response to CGRP both with regard to their transient nature, the development of tachyphylaxis and endothelium dependence. The capsaicin-induced coronary vasodilation is therefore more likely to depend on release of CGRP rather than tachykinins from sensory nerves since neither endothelium removal nor SP-tachyphylaxis influenced the capsaicin and CGRP responses.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide
  • Capsaicin / pharmacology*
  • Coronary Vessels / drug effects*
  • Endothelium, Vascular / physiology
  • Hemodynamics / drug effects
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Neuropeptides / pharmacology*
  • Potassium / pharmacology
  • Substance P / pharmacology*
  • Swine
  • Vasodilation / drug effects*


  • Neuropeptides
  • Substance P
  • Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide
  • Potassium
  • Capsaicin