Deregulation of pancreas-specific oxidoreductin ERO1β in the pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus

Mol Cell Biol. 2014 Apr;34(7):1290-9. doi: 10.1128/MCB.01647-13. Epub 2014 Jan 27.


A growing body of evidence has underlined the significance of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in the pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus. ER oxidoreductin 1β (ERO1β) is a pancreas-specific disulfide oxidase that is known to be upregulated in response to ER stress and to promote protein folding in pancreatic β cells. It has recently been demonstrated that ERO1β promotes insulin biogenesis in β cells and thus contributes to physiological glucose homeostasis, though it is unknown if ERO1β is involved in the pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus. Here we show that in diabetic model mice, ERO1β expression is paradoxically decreased in β cells despite the indications of increased ER stress. However, overexpression of ERO1β in β cells led to the upregulation of unfolded protein response genes and markedly enlarged ER lumens, indicating that ERO1β overexpression caused ER stress in the β cells. Insulin contents were decreased in the β cells that overexpressed ERO1β, leading to impaired insulin secretion in response to glucose stimulation. These data indicate the importance of the fine-tuning of the ER redox state, the disturbance of which would compromise the function of β cells in insulin synthesis and thus contribute to the pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental / etiology*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental / genetics
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental / metabolism*
  • Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress*
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Glycoproteins / genetics
  • Glycoproteins / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Insulin / biosynthesis
  • Insulin-Secreting Cells / metabolism*
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / genetics
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Oxidoreductases
  • Oxidoreductases Acting on Sulfur Group Donors / genetics
  • Oxidoreductases Acting on Sulfur Group Donors / metabolism
  • Protein Folding
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Recombinant Proteins / genetics
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism
  • Unfolded Protein Response / genetics


  • Glycoproteins
  • Insulin
  • Membrane Glycoproteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Ero1l protein, mouse
  • Oxidoreductases
  • Oxidoreductases Acting on Sulfur Group Donors
  • ERO1B protein, human