Virtual reality simulation for construction safety promotion

Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot. 2015;22(1):57-67. doi: 10.1080/17457300.2013.861853. Epub 2014 Jan 28.


Safety is a critical issue for the construction industry. Literature argues that human error contributes to more than half of occupational incidents and could be directly impacted by effective training programs. This paper reviews the current safety training status in the US construction industry. Results from the review evidence the gap between the status and industry expectation on safety. To narrow this gap, this paper demonstrates the development and utilisation of a training program that is based on virtual reality (VR) simulation. The VR-based safety training program can offer a safe working environment where users can effectively rehearse tasks with electrical hazards and ultimately promote their abilities for electrical hazard cognition and intervention. Its visualisation and simulation can also remove the training barriers caused by electricity's features of invisibility and dangerousness.

Keywords: construction; safety; simulation; virtual reality.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Accidents, Occupational / prevention & control*
  • Computer Simulation*
  • Construction Industry*
  • Electric Injuries / prevention & control*
  • Electricity
  • Humans
  • Inservice Training / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Inservice Training / methods*
  • Occupational Health
  • Program Development
  • Safety Management
  • Safety*
  • User-Computer Interface