Objectives: In the current study, we systematically searched and analyzed the available literature on the prognostic value of semi-quantitative (18)F-FDG PET imaging (SUVmax/mean) in patients with endometrial cancer and presenting the results in a meta-analytic format.
Methods: Pubmed, SCOPUS, and ISI Web of Knowledge were searched using "endometr* AND PET" as the search algorithm. All studies evaluating the (18)F-FDG PET performance in pre-operative risk stratification or its prognostic value in patients with endometrial cancer were included. Statistical pooling of diagnostic accuracy indices was performed using random effects model. Cochrane Q test and I(2) index were used for heterogeneity evaluation.
Results: Ten studies (771 patients) were included in the systematic review. Pooled average SUVmax values in patients with risk factors [grade III, lymphovascular invasion (LVI), cervical invasion (CI), myometrial invasion (MI)≥50%] were statistically higher than those in patients without risk factors. Pooled HR of pre-operative SUVmax for disease free survival was 7.415 [2.892-19.432] (p=0.000046).
Conclusion: Despite higher average SUVmax in the high-risk group compared to the low-risk group of patients with endometrial cancer, the usefulness of (18)F-FDG PET SUVmax in classifying patients into pre-defined risk groups seems to be limited. However, pre-operative SUVmax of endometrial tumors seems to be an independent prognostic marker of recurrence and death. Further large multicenter studies with adequate follow-up are needed to confirm our findings.
Keywords: (18)F-FDG PET; Endometrial cancer; Meta-analysis; Prognosis; SUVmax; Systematic review.
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