Toward a brain functional connectivity mapping modality by simultaneous imaging of coherent brainwaves

Neuroimage. 2014 May 1;91:63-9. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2014.01.030. Epub 2014 Jan 26.

Abstract

Matching the proton-magnetic-resonance frequency to the frequency of a periodic neural oscillation (e.g., alpha or gamma band waves) by magnetic resonance imaging techniques, enables direct visualization of brain functional connectivity. Functional connectivity has been studied by analyzing the correlation between coherent neural oscillations in different areas of the brain. In electro- or magneto-encephalography, coherent source reconstruction in a source-space is very tricky due to power leaking from the correlation among the sources. For this reason, most studies have been limited to sensor-space analyses, which give doubtful results because of volume current mixing. The direct visualization of coherent brain oscillations can circumvent this problem. The feasibility of this idea was demonstrated by conducting phantom experiments with a SQUID-based, micro-Tesla NMR/MRI system. We introduce an experimental trick, an effective step-up of the measurement B-field in a pulse sequence, to decouple the magnetic resonance signal from the strong magneto-encephalographic signal at the same frequency.

Keywords: Biomagnetic resonance; Brain functional connectivity; MRI; NMR; SQUID.

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Alpha Rhythm / physiology
  • Brain Mapping / methods*
  • Brain Waves / physiology*
  • Electroencephalography*
  • Electromagnetic Fields
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / instrumentation*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Magnetics
  • Magnetoencephalography
  • Neural Pathways / physiology*
  • Phantoms, Imaging