Objectives: Despite radical radiotherapy and chemotherapy (CT), the prognosis of locally advanced nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is poor. New prognostic indicators are being looked forward to improve the survival. [18F]-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake on PET/CT has been observed as a prognostic marker mainly in early-stage disease. Our aim was to examine the prognostic value of FDG uptake in locally advanced NSCLC.
Materials and methods: Between 2009 and 2011, 103 NSCLC patients underwent disease staging using FDG PET/CT before conformal radiotherapy. Thoracic radiation was administered at a daily fraction of 2 Gy. Total dose was prescribed according to the tumor response against CT. All patients underwent CT. Survival was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method.
Results: The median age of the patients was 59 years (range 39-83). The median follow-up time was 22.63 months (range 6-48.03 months). There was a statistically significant difference in overall survival (OS) between the low (<10.7) and high (≥10.7) standardized uptake value (SUVmax) groups (p = 0.006) on univariate analysis (3-year OS was 42% in the low (<10.7) and 23% in the high (≥10.7) SUVmax groups). On multivariate analysis with determining tumor size, tumor SUVmax provided additional significant prognostic information on OS (HR 1.046; 95 % CI 1.009-1.085, p = 0.015).
Conclusions: FDG uptake has predictive value in locally advanced NSCLC, independently of tumor size.