Prevalence of intimate partner violence across medical and surgical health care settings: a systematic review

Violence Against Women. 2014 Jan;20(1):118-36. doi: 10.1177/1077801213520574. Epub 2014 Jan 28.


Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious health problem and a leading cause of nonfatal injury in North American females. Prevalence of IPV has ranged from less than 20% to more than 50% across primary care, emergency medicine, and family medicine. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature to examine best estimates of IPV prevalence as opportunities for targeted interventions in health care specialties. We included 37 articles in this study. Based on our pooled data, best estimates of the lifetime prevalence of any type of IPV were 38% in family medicine and 40% in emergency medicine.

Keywords: intimate partner violence; prevalence; systematic review.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis
  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Emergency Service, Hospital*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Prevalence
  • Primary Health Care*
  • Spouse Abuse / statistics & numerical data*