Influence of a constitutive increase in myofilament Ca(2+)-sensitivity on Ca(2+)-fluxes and contraction of mouse heart ventricular myocytes

Arch Biochem Biophys. 2014 Jun 15:552-553:50-9. doi: 10.1016/ Epub 2014 Jan 27.


Chronic increases in myofilament Ca(2+)-sensitivity in the heart are known to alter gene expression potentially modifying Ca(2+)-homeostasis and inducing arrhythmias. We tested age-dependent effects of a chronic increase in myofilament Ca(2+)-sensitivity on induction of altered alter gene expression and activity of Ca(2+) transport systems in cardiac myocytes. Our approach was to determine the relative contributions of the major mechanisms responsible for restoring Ca(2+) to basal levels in field stimulated ventricular myocytes. Comparisons were made from ventricular myocytes isolated from non-transgenic (NTG) controls and transgenic mice expressing the fetal, slow skeletal troponin I (TG-ssTnI) in place of cardiac TnI (cTnI). Replacement of cTnI by ssTnI induces an increase in myofilament Ca(2+)-sensitivity. Comparisons included myocytes from relatively young (5-7months) and older mice (11-13months). Employing application of caffeine in normal Tyrode and in 0Na(+) 0Ca(2+) solution, we were able to dissect the contribution of the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) pump (SR Ca(2+)-ATPase), the Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX), and "slow mechanisms" representing the activity of the sarcolemmal Ca(2+) pump and the mitochondrial Ca(2+) uniporter. The relative contribution of the SR Ca(2+)-ATPase to restoration of basal Ca(2+) levels in younger TG-ssTnI myocytes was lower than in NTG (81.12±2.8% vs 92.70±1.02%), but the same in the older myocytes. Younger and older NTG myocytes demonstrated similar contributions from the SR Ca(2+)-ATPase and NCX to restoration of basal Ca(2+). However, the slow mechanisms for Ca(2+) removal were increased in the older NTG (3.4±0.3%) vs the younger NTG myocytes (1.4±0.1%). Compared to NTG, younger TG-ssTnI myocytes demonstrated a significantly bigger contribution of the NCX (16±2.7% in TG vs 6.9±0.9% in NTG) and slow mechanisms (3.3±0.4% in TG vs 1.4±0.1% in NTG). In older TG-ssTnI myocytes the contributions were not significantly different from NTG (NCX: 4.9±0.6% in TG vs 5.5±0.7% in NTG; slow mechanisms: 2.5±0.3% in TG vs 3.4±0.3% in NTG). Our data indicate that constitutive increases in myofilament Ca(2+)-sensitivity alter the relative significance of the NCX transport system involved in Ca(2+)-homeostasis only in a younger group of mice. This modification may be of significance in early changes in altered gene expression and electrical stability hearts with increased myofilament Ca-sensitivity.

Keywords: Arrhythmia; Ca-sensitizer; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Troponin I.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Caffeine / pharmacology
  • Calcium / metabolism*
  • Calcium Signaling* / drug effects
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Central Nervous System Stimulants / pharmacology
  • Female
  • Gene Expression
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Myocytes, Cardiac / cytology*
  • Myocytes, Cardiac / drug effects
  • Myocytes, Cardiac / metabolism
  • Myofibrils / metabolism*
  • Troponin I / genetics
  • Troponin I / metabolism


  • Central Nervous System Stimulants
  • Troponin I
  • Caffeine
  • Calcium