Water-perfused esophageal high-resolution manometry: normal values and validation

Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2014 Mar;306(6):G491-5. doi: 10.1152/ajpgi.00447.2013. Epub 2014 Jan 30.


Water-perfused high-resolution manometry (HRM) catheters with 36 unidirectional pressure channels have recently been developed, but normal values are not yet available. Furthermore, the technique has not been validated and compared with solid-state HRM. We therefore aimed to develop normal values for water-perfused HRM and to assess the level of agreement between water-perfused HRM and solid-state HRM. We included 50 healthy volunteers (mean age 35 yr, range 21-64 yr; 15 women, 35 men). Water-perfused HRM and solid-state HRM were performed in a randomized order. Normal values were calculated as 5th and 95th percentile ranges, and agreement between the two systems was assessed with intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) statistics. The 5th-95th percentile range was 3.0-6.6 cm/s for contractile front velocity (CFV), 141.6-3,674 mmHg·s·cm for distal contractile integral (DCI), 6.2-8.7 s for distal contraction latency (DL), and 1.0-18.8 mmHg for integrated relaxation pressure (IRP 4s). Mean (SD) and ICC for water-perfused HRM and solid-state HRM were 4.4 (1.1) vs. 3.9 (0.9) cm/s, ICC: 0.49 for CFV; 1,189 (1,023) vs. 1,092 (1,019) mmHg·s·cm, ICC: 0.90 for DCI; 7.4 (0.8) vs. 6.9 (0.9) s, ICC: 0.50 for DL; and 8.1 (4.8) vs. 7.9 (5.1), ICC: 0.39 for IRP 4s. The normal values for this water-perfused HRM system are only slightly different from previously published values with solid-state HRM, and moderate to good agreement was observed between the two systems, with only small differences in outcome measures.

Keywords: esophagus; normal values; pressure measurement; water-perfused manometry.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Esophagus / physiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Manometry / methods*
  • Middle Aged
  • Reference Values