Urinary tract infection syndromes: occurrence, recurrence, bacteriology, risk factors, and disease burden

Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2014 Mar;28(1):1-13. doi: 10.1016/j.idc.2013.09.003. Epub 2013 Dec 8.


Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common bacterial infections, accounting for 0.9% of all ambulatory visits in the United States. This review defines the major UTI syndromes, their occurrence and recurrence, bacteriology, risk factors, and disease burden.

Keywords: Asymptomatic bacteriuria; Catheter-associated urinary tract infection; Cystitis; Pyelonephritis.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cost of Illness
  • Health Care Costs
  • Humans
  • Recurrence
  • Risk Factors
  • Urinary Tract Infections* / economics
  • Urinary Tract Infections* / epidemiology
  • Urinary Tract Infections* / microbiology