Urinary tract infections in special populations: diabetes, renal transplant, HIV infection, and spinal cord injury

Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2014 Mar;28(1):91-104. doi: 10.1016/j.idc.2013.09.006. Epub 2013 Dec 8.


Some populations have unique considerations relevant to complicated urinary tract infection. For patients with diabetes, renal transplant, HIV infection, and spinal cord injuries, approaches to management, including diagnosis and treatment, are generally similar to other patients with complicated urinary tract infection. In addition, there is no evidence that treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria leads to improved outcomes.

Keywords: Asymptomatic bacteriuria; Cystitis; Diabetes; HIV infection; Pyelonephritis; Renal transplant; Spinal cord injury; Urinary infection.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use
  • Diabetes Complications*
  • HIV Infections / complications*
  • Humans
  • Kidney Transplantation*
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Risk Factors
  • Spinal Cord Injuries / complications*
  • Urinary Tract Infections / diagnosis
  • Urinary Tract Infections / drug therapy
  • Urinary Tract Infections / etiology*
  • Urinary Tract Infections / prevention & control


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents