Comprehensive analysis of genetic alterations and their prognostic impacts in adult acute myeloid leukemia patients

Leukemia. 2014 Aug;28(8):1586-95. doi: 10.1038/leu.2014.55. Epub 2014 Feb 3.

Abstract

To clarify the cooperative roles of recurrently identified mutations and to establish a more precise risk classification system in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), we comprehensively analyzed mutations in 51 genes, as well as cytogenetics and 11 chimeric transcripts, in 197 adult patients with de novo AML who were registered in the Japan Adult Leukemia Study Group AML201 study. We identified a total of 505 mutations in 44 genes, while only five genes, FLT3, NPM1, CEBPA, DNMT3A and KIT, were mutated in more than 10% of the patients. Although several cooperative and exclusive mutation patterns were observed, the accumulated mutation number was higher in cytogenetically normal AML and lower in AML with RUNX1-RUNX1T1 and CBFB-MYH11, indicating a strong potential of these translocations for the initiation of AML. Furthermore, we evaluated the prognostic impacts of each sole mutation and the combinations of mutations and/or cytogenetics, and demonstrated that AML patients could be clearly stratified into five risk groups for overall survival by including the mutation status of DNMT3A, MLL-PTD and TP53 genes in the risk classification system of the European LeukemiaNet. These results indicate that the prognosis of AML could be stratified by the major mutation status in combination with cytogenetics.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • Cytogenetics
  • Disease-Free Survival
  • Humans
  • Karyotype
  • Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics*
  • Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / mortality
  • Middle Aged
  • Mutation*
  • Prognosis
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit / genetics
  • fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3 / genetics

Substances

  • CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Proteins
  • CEBPA protein, human
  • FLT3 protein, human
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit
  • fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3