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. 2014 Feb 12;62(6):1390-6.
doi: 10.1021/jf404870d. Epub 2014 Feb 3.

LeMAPK1, LeMAPK2, and LeMAPK3 Are Associated With Nitric Oxide-Induced Defense Response Against Botrytis Cinerea in the Lycopersicon Esculentum Fruit

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LeMAPK1, LeMAPK2, and LeMAPK3 Are Associated With Nitric Oxide-Induced Defense Response Against Botrytis Cinerea in the Lycopersicon Esculentum Fruit

Yanyan Zheng et al. J Agric Food Chem. .

Abstract

Nitric oxide (NO) and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are signal molecules involved in the disease resistance of plants. To investigate the role of tomato MAPKs in the NO-mediated defense response, mature green tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. cv. Qian-xi) were treated with a MAPKs inhibitor (1,4-diamino-2,3-dicyano-1,4-bis(o-amino-phenylmercapto) butadiene (U0126)), NO donor sodium nitroprusside (SNP), and SNP plus U0126. Treatment with U0126 increased the incidence of disease and size of lesion areas in the tomato fruits after being inoculated with Botrytis cinerea. NO enhanced the resistance of the tomato fruits against Botrytis cinerea invasion and the activities of nitric oxide synthase, Chitinase, β-1,3-glucanase, polyphenol oxidase, and phenylalanine ammonia-lyase. However, the effects of NO on disease resistance were weakened by the MAPKs inhibitor. Meanwhile, the relative expression of LeMAPK1, LeMAPK2, and LeMAPK3 in the (SNP + U0126)-treated fruits was lower than that in the SNP-treated fruits. The results suggest that LeMAPK1/2/3 are involved in NO-induced disease resistance of tomato fruits against Botrytis cinerea.

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