Purpose: To investigate the choroidal thickness/volume of eyes with reticular pseudodrusen using high-penetration swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) and to evaluate the choroidal vasculature changes using en face images.
Design: Prospective cross-sectional study.
Methods: Thirty-eight eyes with reticular pseudodrusen and 14 normal eyes were studied with prototype SS-OCT. Eyes with reticular pseudodrusen were classified into 3 subgroups: eyes without late age-related macular degeneration (AMD) (Group1), eyes with neovascular AMD (Group2), and eyes with geographic atrophy (Group3). Mean regional choroidal thickness/volume measurements were obtained by 3-dimensional (3D) raster scanning. The choroidal vascular area was measured using en face images reconstructed from a 3D SS-OCT data set.
Results: Mean age and axial length did not differ between eyes with reticular pseudodrusen and normal eyes. The mean choroidal thickness and volume of each sector was significantly reduced in eyes with reticular pseudodrusen compared with normal eyes (P < .020 for all). Mean choroidal thickness and volume of each area showed no significant difference between the 3 groups; however, most of them showed decreased thickness compared with normal eyes. En face images through the choroid revealed narrow and sparse choroidal vessels in eyes with reticular pseudodrusen. The area of choroidal vasculature was significantly reduced in eyes with reticular pseudodrusen compared with normal eyes (P = .037).
Conclusions: In eyes with reticular pseudodrusen, macular choroidal thickness/volume was reduced regardless of choroidal neovascularization/geographic atrophy. Thinned vessels in the choroid suggest choroidal involvement in the pathogenesis of reticular pseudodrusen.
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