Pediatric obstructive sleep apnea

Anesthesiol Clin. 2014 Mar;32(1):237-61. doi: 10.1016/j.anclin.2013.10.012.


Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a disorder of airway obstruction with multisystem implications and associated complications. OSAS affects children from infancy to adulthood and is responsible for behavioral, cognitive, and growth impairment as well as cardiovascular and perioperative respiratory morbidity and mortality. OSAS is associated commonly with comorbid conditions, including obesity and asthma. Adenotonsillectomy is the most commonly used treatment option for OSAS in childhood, but efforts are underway to identify medical treatment options.

Keywords: Adenotonsillectomy; OSAS; Obstructive sleep apnea; Pediatric.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anesthesia
  • Child
  • Humans
  • Perioperative Care
  • Postoperative Care
  • Respiratory System / physiopathology
  • Sleep Apnea, Obstructive / complications
  • Sleep Apnea, Obstructive / diagnosis
  • Sleep Apnea, Obstructive / epidemiology
  • Sleep Apnea, Obstructive / genetics
  • Sleep Apnea, Obstructive / physiopathology*
  • Sleep Apnea, Obstructive / therapy*