Differential responses of B vitamins in black soybean seeds

Food Chem. 2014 Jun 15:153:101-8. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2013.12.047. Epub 2013 Dec 14.


This study was aimed to determine the contents and the association of B vitamins from seeds of 10 black and one yellow soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) varieties with either green or yellow cotyledon. Thiamine, flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD), riboflavin and total riboflavin were found highest in 'Chengjakong', while flavin mononucleotide (FMN) was greatest in 'Mirang'. Nicotinic acid and total vitamin B3 were highest in 'Shingi' as a yellow soybean variety but pantothenic acid and pyridoxine contents were greatest in 'Tawon' and 'Mirang', respectively. These content variations of B vitamins directly reflected the wide segregation of soybean varieties on the principal component analysis (PCA) scores plot, indicating that these 4 soybean varieties appeared to be least associated with other soybean varieties based on the different responses of B vitamins. The results of cluster and correlation analyses presented that the cotyledon colour of soybean seed contributed to a variation of B vitamin contents. Overall, the results suggest that a wide range of B vitamin contents would be affected by genotypic factors alongside the difference of cotyledon colour.

Keywords: Black soybean; Flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD); Flavin mononucleotide (FMN); Nicotinamide; Nicotinic acid; Pantothenic acid; Pyridoxine; Riboflavin; Thiamine.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Glycine max / chemistry*
  • Glycine max / classification
  • Riboflavin / analysis
  • Seeds / chemistry*
  • Seeds / classification
  • Thiamine / analysis
  • Vitamin B Complex / analysis*


  • Vitamin B Complex
  • Riboflavin
  • Thiamine