Tumor-produced extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins can be key elements in tumor growth and metastasis. Transforming growth factor beta-inducible (TGFBI) protein is a secreted ECM component that can have dual function in cancer, acting as tumor suppressor or promoter. Although TGFBI is expressed in human melanoma cells, the exact role it might have in melanoma metastasis remains elusive. Assessing the expression and secretion of TGFBI, we show that human metastatic melanomas express and secrete significantly higher amounts of TGFBI, compared with nevus lesions and primary melanoma tumors. Intravenous injection of highly metastatic human melanoma cells expressing shRNA that targets TGFBI assigns a critical role for TGFBI in the formation of melanoma distal metastases in nude mice. In vivo assays demonstrate that TGFBI silencing does not interfere with melanoma cells' dissemination to distal sites but rather with their proliferation and outgrowth within new microenvironment. In line, TGFBI silencing increases melanoma cells motility/invasion/extravasation in vitro but interferes with their progression through the cell cycle, drastically reducing their proliferation. Furthermore, we show that TGFBI is a regulator of cyclins and cyclin-dependent kinases in melanoma. Collectively, our data describe a mechanism of melanoma metastatic outgrowth via promotion of growth/survival by the ECM protein TGFBI.