Effect of different rest intervals on the exercise volume completed during squat bouts

J Sports Sci Med. 2005 Dec 1;4(4):361-6. eCollection 2005 Dec.


The purpose of this research was to compare effect 3 different rest intervals on the squat volume completed during a workout. Twenty college-aged men volunteered to participate in this study (age 20.73 ± 2.60 years; body mass 80.73 ± 10.80 kg). All subjects performed 3 testing sessions, during which 4 sets of the squat was performed with 85% of a 1RM load. During each testing session, the squat was performed with a 1, 2, or 5-minute rest interval between sets. Volume was defined as the total number of repetitions completed over 4 sets for each rest condition. Statistical analysis was conducted separately for the squat. One-way repeated analyses of variance with Bonferroni post hocs demonstrated significant differences between each rest condition for both exercises tested (p < 0.05). The 5-minute rest condition resulted in the highest volume completed, followed in descending order by the 2- and 1-minute rest conditions. The ability to perform a higher volume of training with a given load may stimulate greater strength adaptations. Key PointsThere is no significant difference in the squat volume between the 1- and 2-minute rest conditions.A 5-minute rest interval between sets allow for the highest volume to be completed when training with 85% of a 1RM load.

Keywords: Strength training; recovery; recruitment; squat.