Confronting the inevitable: a conceptual model of miscarriage for use in clinical practice and research

Death Stud. 2011 Jul;35(6):536-58. doi: 10.1080/07481187.2010.536886.


In spite of scientific evidence that miscarriage has negative psychological consequences for many individuals and couples, silence and dismissal continue to surround this invisible loss in North American culture and beyond. The grief and sorrow of miscarriage has important implications for clinical practice. It indicates a need for therapeutic interventions delivered in a caring, compassionate, and culturally sensitive manner. This research, based on data from 3 phenomenological investigations conducted with 42 women from diverse geographical locations, sexual orientations, and cultural backgrounds offers a theoretical framework for addressing miscarriage in clinical practice an research.

MeSH terms

  • Abortion, Spontaneous / psychology*
  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Adult
  • Bereavement*
  • Female
  • Grief*
  • Humans
  • Internal-External Control
  • Interview, Psychological
  • Models, Psychological*
  • Pregnancy
  • Psychotherapy
  • Social Support