Psychological mechanisms of mindfulness-based interventions: what do we know?

Holist Nurs Pract. Mar-Apr 2014;28(2):124-48. doi: 10.1097/HNP.0000000000000017.


Little is known about the psychological mechanisms underlying the clinical benefits of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs). In the present review, we suggest that mindfulness-based interventions may enhance positive emotional regulation strategies, as well as self-compassion levels, and decrease rumination and experiential avoidance. These changes are, in turn, associated with several clinical benefits including the reduction of stress and depression levels, as well as the enhancement of positive emotions. Limitations and potential applications of these findings are discussed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Cognition
  • Complementary Therapies / methods*
  • Emotions
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Humans
  • Mindfulness*
  • Self Concept
  • Treatment Outcome